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    Will appear in Moscow street Kuindzhi and Bilibin20 December 2016Will appear in Moscow street Kuindzhi and Bilibin

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    Address:1, Theatralnaya Sq.
    Location:Show on map
    The gala concert has begun a new stage in life of ancient and eternally young Bolshoi theatre on 28th of October, 2011.

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    In detail

    The gala concert has begun a new stage in life of ancient and eternally young Bolshoi theatre on 28th of October, 2011. The most well-known scene of Russia has been opened after the long reconstruction lasting of 6 years.
    Works on reconstruction have passed the grandiose. The old building of theatre not only has returned lost lines much for a long time, but also has got the modern technical equipment, and also the area of internal premises has twice extended. The huge underground space under the Theatre square where the unique hi-tech scenic equipment is placed is mastered and the magnificent chamber hall on 350 places in which it is possible to rehearse, give concerts has settled down and to carry out solemn actions.


    Большой театр

    From Lubyanskaya Square to Kropotkinskaya

    The pedestrian zone, whose creation is planned from 2013, will cover Lubyanskaya Square, Treatralny Proezd, Okhotny Ryad Street, Mokhovaya Street and Volkhonka Street.

    From Lubyanskaya Square through Teatralny Proezd, past the famous Bolshoi Theatre, you will come to Manezhnaya Square and Alexandrovsky Garden.

    Walking along Mokhovaya, you are sure to notice “Manezh” — a unique architectural monument and central exhibition hall, where grandiose shows and presentations, international exhibitions and important city events take place. Another masterpiece of Russian classicism is located on Mokhovaya — the main home of Captain Lieutenant P. Pashkov's city estate, built from 1784-1787 by architect V. Bazhenov. Four stories, with two wings and a belvedere with a spire, the white stone mansion is sure to instantly catch your eye.

    At the end of the route awaits one of the most popular museums in Moscow and in Russia — The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, where, apart from its rich permanent exhibitions, frequently hosts exhibitions for art masterpieces from all around the world. If you wish, further along the route you can visit the Cathedral of Christ the Savior or end your walk here — metro station “Kropotkinskaya” is located nearby. 

    Bolshaya Dmitrovka

    The new pedestrian zone, whose creation has been planned for 2013, will transform part of Bolshaya Dmitrovka street (from Tversky Proezd to Okhotny Ryad Street) into a pedestrian "theater district".

    It will be easy to get right away to the new pedestrian zone by exiting metro station "Teatralnaya", or walking a short distance from stations "Chekhovskaya", "Pushkinskaya" or "Tverskaya". This pedestrian zone is home to a number of theaters, which is no surprise why the area is to be called a "theater district". On Bolshaya Dmitrovka Street the Stanislavsky and Nemirovich-Danchenko Moscow Music Theatre can be found, and the famous Bolshoi and Maly Theaters await you at Teatralnaya Square. 

    Bolshaya Dmitrovka is a very old street in Moscow, which arose on site of a trade and handicraft settlement. The settlement had been formed by the XIV century on either sides of the road from Moscow to Dmitrov — this is where the street gets its name “Dmitrovka”. In the XVI and XVII centuries, the settlement's ordinary residents were relocated along the same road but further away from the Kremlin, in order to make room for Moscow's elite. In contrast to the old settlement (Bolshaya — Big), the new one became known as the Malaya (Small) Dmitrovksaya Settlement. From the end of the XVI century the wall of Bely Gorod with Dmitrovskaya Tower served as the border between the two settlements, separating Bolshaya Dmitrovka and Malaya Dmitrovka streets. By the middle of the XVIII century the settlement had already transformed into streets that were called, as they are today, Bolshaya Dmitrovka, Malaya Dmitrovka and Novoslobodskaya Street.

    Now in this pedestrian zone one can see excellent examples of architecture — tenement buildings, and the Noble Assembly (in Soviet times known as the House of Unions) — in the classicism style, which were built no later than 1775. Various exhibitions frequently take place on the walls of the “Novy Manezh”, built in the end of the XIX century in the pseudo-Russian style. 

    From Pushkinskaya Square to Red Square

    In 2013, pedestrian zone “shopping quarters” will become an area, covering Pushkinskaya Square, Tverskaya Street, Okhotny Ryad Street, Teatralny Proezd, Nikolskaya Street up until Red Square, with exits onto the square in front of metro station “Ploshad Revolutsii” and the new building of hotel “Moskva”. The first project to be carried out will be the design of the Nikolskaya Street's pedestrian zone from Lubyanskaya Square to Red Square. This zone is the end of the Tverskoy Region's pedestrian area.

    You may start your walk along this pedestrian area from metro stations “Pushkinskaya”, “Tverskaya” or in the other direction — from metro stations “Ploshad Revolutsii”, “Teatralnaya”, or “Okhotny Ryad”. In any case, a significant part of the walk will take place on Tverskaya Street. This central Moscow street became a main street in the capital during XVIII-XIX centuries and remains significant in our time. Tsars used this street en route to the Moscow Kremlin from Saint Petersburg. It was here where the English Club (English Congregation) first appeared, one of Russia's first gentlemen's clubs. The famous Eliseevsky Shop is located in house no. 14 on Tverskaya Street, as well as the Memorial Museum of N. A. Ostrovsky.

    Along the way, in addition to the route's architectural monuments, you are sure to notice the monument to great poet A. S. Pushkin and the founder of Moscow — Prince Yuri Dolgoruky. There are many things along this route that remind us of Moscow and Russia's rich history: from the State Central Museum of Contemporary History of Russia to the State Historical Museum.

    On Teatralny Proezd it's worth paying attention to the magnificent building belonging to hotel “Metropol”, a masterpiece of the modern era — its facade is decorated with the “Princess of Dreams” by M. Vrubel, “The Adoration of Nature”, “Thirst”, and “Bathing of Mermaids” executed by the drawings of A. Golovin, and bas relief “Seasons” by sculptor N. Andreev. On Teatralnaya Square you will see the Bolshoi, Maly and the Russian Academic Youth Theatres. Passing along Tverskaya Street and Teatralny Proezd, you may stop your walk here or pay a visit to Red Square. At this point of the route several metro stations are located nearby.

    Kuznetsky Most and Surroundings

    Construction of the Tverskoy district's pedestrian zone began in 2012, and covers Stoleshnikov Lane, Kamergersky Lane, Kuznetsky Most Street and Rozhdestvenka Street. The area's border includes Tverskaya Square and adjacent to it, part of Tverskoy Proezd until Tverskaya Street. In December of 2012, the part of Kuznetsky Most Street from Bolshaya Dmitrovka to Rozhdestvenka Street became a pedestrian zone. 

    You may start your route from metro station "Okhotny Ryad", looking at the famous Bolshoi Theatre which has been freshly rennovated, turn right and along Bolshaya Dmitrovka, exit onto the pedestrian zone of Kuznetsky Most Street. Now you can go in the direction of Lubyanka, crossing Petrovka Street, Neglinnaya and Rozhdestvenka, and take your time to look at the historical and architectural monuments that Kuznetsky Most has quite a lot of. On your way, its also worth having a look at TsUM (Central Universal Department Store). 

    Another option is to start your walk from metro station “Kuznetsky Most” and go in the direction of Tverskaya Ulitsa by walking through Kamergersky Lane and then exiting onto Stoleshnikov Lane, covering a large part of Tversky district's pedestrian zone. 

    The most important part of the pedestrian area is Kuznetsky Most, which is among the oldest streets in Moscow. Its appearance was due to the construction of Pushechny Dvor in the area, and has kept the name Kuznetsky Most over the Neglinnaya River. For centuries the street has been one of Moscow's main “arteries”, constantly covered with pedestrians. In fact, it has housed many of the city's best shops. It wasn't by accident that Famusov complained in Griboedov's play: “And all of Kuznetsky Most, and the French! With all their fashion shops and streets, their books and writers and artists. They break our hearts, they make our money fly.” Writer M. Pylyaev wrote about this street in the middle of the XIX century: Kuznetsky Most is now the most aristocratic place in Moscow; from dawn till dusk pedestrians and carriages scurry, and the best foreign shops and book stores can be found here”. In the end of 1865, Kuznetsky Most became the first street in Moscow where they tested gas lamp lighting, which became common throughout the city shortly thereafter. In 1886, electric lighting appeared on the street. 

    The Communist Moscow
    Monuments of the War of 1812: Triumph Square - Volkhonka
    From Kuznetsky Most to Teatralnaya Square

    As you leave the Kuznetsky Most Metro Station, you find yourselves in a courtyard of an old house. You need to walk through the arch and turn left into Pushechnaya (Canon) street. 

    It was here that the Canon Courtyard – the center of canon casting – was located over 500 years ago. Andrey Chokhov cast his famous Tzar Canon here as well. However, the canon never fired. As Moscow grew, the Canon Courtyard turned out to be in the very center of the city. In order to spare Moscow from risks of fire imposed by casting production, the workshops were moved to the outskirts – the present-day location of Leningradsky Railway Station. In the course of time dwellings started to appear in the place of the Canon Courtyard. In 1912 the “ Savoy” hotel was built at the corner of the quarter. It’ s only the street’ s name Pushechnaya (Canon) that remains a reminder of the Canon Courtyard history.

    The massive building covered with scaffolding is “ Detsky Mir” (Children’ s World), the most famous Russian department store for children. Inside, one can enjoy a stunning view of a huge clock and a scale model of a railway. Young shoppers are used to take a ride on a merry-go-round and, of course, pick from an abundant choice of toys. The department store was constructed in the 1950s to occupy a whole block. Now it is closed for reconstruction.
    The arch of the building you have walked through (6/20, Pushechnaya Street) belonged to a famous merchant Alexander Torletsky, the main contractor for the construction of the first railway in Russia. The owner of the house did not live here preferring to lease it. The house was the venue of the German Club and a theater stage. The prominent K. Stanislavsky used to work here. Among many Muscovites this building is famous as the Central House of Workers of Art.

    Turn to the right and walk to the crossing of the lane and Rozhdestvenka (Nativity) Street. The street’ s name arises from the Convent of Nativity of Theotokos, where it has been for the past 600 years. 

    As you walk towards Kuznetsky Most Street, Torletsky’ s house will be alongside. It is a very spacious building and used to accommodate vendors, apartments, publishing houses, stores and tailor-shops. A. Pushkin, D. Pissarev, L. Tolstoy, M. Bulgakov visited here.
    As you reach the crossing, turn to your left to Kuznetsky Most (Blacksmiths’ Bridge) Street. 

    It was here that the first gas lanterns were installed on the money of numerous foreign merchants that owned shops along the street. Almost every sign here was in a foreign language. This was the main shopping street – “ the focus of luxury and fashion”. Variety of nobby shops (mostly French) with most exquisite goods could be found here. The street has remained a shopping area until now.
    If you walk a little further down, you will come across the “ House of Foreign Book” store, one of the oldest in Moscow (18/7, Kuznetsky Most Street). 

    A little lower on the right hand side of the Street the former “ St. Gally Passage” (№ 11) is occupied by the Moscow House of Artists. It is the venue of various art exhibitions, where visitors can buy original works, unique gifts and souvenirs or take a break at a cafe.

    Since the 1940s the building of a fur-trading company owned by A. Mikhailov (14, Kuznetsky Most Street) was occupied by a famous All-Union House of Fashion – a Soviet version of “ Christian Dior”, as foreign journalists put it. Fashion shows were held here as well as new collections were designed for all clothing factories throughout the USSR. Leonid Brezhnev, Raissa Gorbacheva and other Soviet VIP’ s and celebrities including famous actors and film directors used to order their attire here. The House of Fashion is believed to be the place where ladies’ boots with a zip fastener were first invented to be then presented to the world of fashion at a Paris show. Nowadays, a clothes’ store is located here.
    The building at the crossing accommodated a hotel and the “ Yar” restaurant (9/10, Kuznetsky Most Street) – one of the first French restaurants in Moscow. Now the restaurant is replaced with a bank’ s office and shops.

    The street we have approached is called Neglinnaya in the memory of the Neglinka River tubed two hundred years ago. The river still carries its waters into the Moskva River underneath the pavement of the street above it.

    Kuznetsky Most (Blacksmiths’ Bridge) street owes its name to the Neglinka River as well. There was a blacksmiths’ settlement on the banks of the river in ancient times. The bridge spanning the river was also called the Blacksmiths’. At first it was a wooden structure replaced by a stone one in the XVIII century. Being a little taller than 6 meters and 12 meters wide, it had impressive 120 meters of length. Incidentally, the bridge has remained until now. Like the river, it is backfilled right under our feet. The bridge was never destroyed – its railings were removed and it was covered with layers of soil and sand laying the base for the street. The bridge was discovered in 1986 by an accident during the construction of culvert.
    To the right from the crossing you can clearly see the building of the famous Petrovsky Passage (13, Neglinnaya Street), erected at the turn of the XX century. One of the building’ s entrances is facing Petrovka Street, hence the name. The first “ passages” – porticoes between two streets with glass roofs as a rule and shops alongside the passway – appeared in Moscow almost two hundred years ago. They were built to compensate the lack of faзade space for shops and vendors.
    Your next turn is to the right past the imposing edifice of the Bank of Russia (12, Neglinnaya Street).

    After Sandunovsky Lane you will see a gorgeous house (14, Neglinnaya Street). Cross the street to enjoy a better view of it. Its dome is mounted by mermen, bathing boys decorate the roof, a young man and a girl ride seahorses leaping out of the spindrift. A “ Notes” music store was located here during the Soviet time. People from all over Moscow used to come here looking for sheet music and partition lists. At present the building accommodates a restaurant, an art gallery and elite dwellings.

    The edifice was erected over a century ago for Vera Firsanova, the last private owner of the Sanduny — the most popular bath-house in Moscow. The bath-house was founded in the XIX century by an actor S. Sandunov and has retained its original purpose ever since. Firsanova carried out a tremendous renovation of the bath-house turning it into “ something Moscow has never seen”.

    Walking through Petrovskiye Linii (Peter’ s Lines) Street with a House of Culture “ At Peter’ s Lines” staging children’ s plays with young actors playing on stage you reach Petrovka Street.
    This street formed in ancient times as a road to Vysoko-Petrovsky Monastery (High Monastery of St. Peter). The ancient stone cathedral preserved until present time of the monastery was built by a prominent architect Alevisio Novy. It is one of the oldest structures in Moscow. However, your way is not to the monastery but to the left towards Teatralnaya (Theater) Square.
    To your right is a pedestrian street Stoleshnikov Pereulok (Side-Street). At present it accommodates elite boutiques of world-renown brands.

    “ Stoleshniki” was the name of table cloths produced by local weavers. V. Gilyarovsky – a famous explorer of Moscow life and traditions – resided here.
    Make a short stop in a small square with a chapel marking the place of a former church of the Nativity of Our Lady (1620 – 1928). Next stands a lavish building of the “ Marriot Aurora” hotel. Opposite is the GULAG Museum.
    Our itinerary turns out to be quite an extensive one, however, there is a number of cafes and restaurants on the way. Making a comfortable break would not be a problem.
    Petrovsky Passage with one of its facades overlooking Neglinnaya Street is in front of you once again (10, Petrovka Street). A “ Worker” bas-relief by a Soviet sculptor M. Manizer was installed by the entrance to the mall in 1921. In the 1930s this building was the premises of an airship design bureau.

    Ahead of you is the crossing with Kuznetsky Most. In the 1920s an arm signal was installed here to be replaced by a traffic light in 1930, being the first of a kind in Moscow. It was operated by a militiaman on point duty.
    Proceed a little further along Petrovka to enter one of the most beautiful squares in Moscow – Teatralnaya (Theater) Square. The gothic-style building at the corner of the square and the street is a former Muir & Mirrielees shop built more than a hundred years ago. Being a part of the contemporary TSUM (Central Department Store) it was the first department store to be opened in Moscow. The choice of goods there was extremely vast. The visitors could use an electric elevator to get to upper floors. Being a present-day standard convenience, the elevator was a technical novelty for the time arousing great amazement or even fear sometimes.

    By all means the Bolshoi Theatre  is the prime attire of Teatralnaya Square. It was built by Joseph Bove with stately eight-column portico and a bronze quadriga to become one of Moscow’ s architectural symbols.
    The best-known Moscow theatre originates in 1780. That year an Englishman Michael Maddox arrived in Moscow to open a theatre in the beginning of Petrovka Street. Incidentally, the Englishman was a gifted mechanic – his clock “ The Temple of Glory” is displayed in the State Armory in the Kremlin. The theatre was burned down several times but each time was restored becoming more beautiful. The present-day building was constructed in 1856 by Alberto Cavos.

    Teatralnaya Square accommodates two more theatres – the Maly and the Russian Academic Youth theatre.
    Every year on May 9 the square by the fountain in front of the Bolshoi Theatre turns into the meeting point of veterans of the WW2.
    Opposite the square you can see the building of the Metropol hotel. Its facade is decorated with stunningly beautiful mosaics and bas-reliefs: “ Princess of Dreams” by M. Vrubel, “ Worship of Nature”, “ Bathe of Mermaids” exercised to drawings of A. Golovin and “ Seasons” bas-reliefs of sculptor N. Andreyev.

    Walk by the underpass to the opposite side of the square and stroll into the square behind the 170-tonn monument to Karl Marx. The oldest Moscow fountain is to be found here. It is crowned with a “ Four Muses” sculpture. If you look attentively, you would notice an inscription in the fountain’ s corners reading: “ Sculptured and produced in metal by Ivan Vitali. Moscow. Year 1835”. In the old times with no pluming in their homes Muscovites used the fountain for their daily needs.

    A good view of a round red-brick tower (opens from the fountain. The tower was built in the 1930s to replace the demolished Round Tower of the KItai-gorod wall, the second fortress wall after the Kremlin. Parts of the ancient walls have been preserved behind the Metropol hotel.
    This could be the terminal point of our walk. The nearest metro station – Ploschad Revolutsii – is right next to the tower.

    Architecture of Moscow XV - XX centuries

    Architectural excursion: wooden architecture, baroque, classicism. In total for 3-4 hours you will open for yourselves new Moscow. You will acquaint with architectural creativity of Matveja Kazakova which have inhaled in classicism life, having created the, original direction in it. Creativity of the great architect, deeply national on the orientation is for ever entered in stone "annals" of capital. Boundary XVII-XVIII – time of architecture of the Moscow baroque in Moscow. You will get acquainted with this style which had strongly pronounced national character, having kept continuity of decorative receptions of the Moscow architects (Trinity Church in Nikitnikah, Menshikov a tower in the Kremlin etc.). Also you will see buildings in modernist style, constructed by architect F.Shehtelem (the Yaroslavl station), V.Valkotom (hotel "Метрополь"), R.Klein (building ЦУМа) etc.

    Moscow of the Nobility

    The history of life and culture of the Moscow nobility is one of the most interesting and colorful pages of the history of Moscow. During this city bus tour you can dive into the world of noble Moscow, learn about the literary and artistic life of noble salons, the urban mansions of Moscow nobility and the system of elite noble education and feel the spirit of that bygone, but glorious epoch. 

    The tour route runs along the Povarskaya street, Prechistenka, Tverskoy and Strastnoy boulevards and the Teatralnaya Square.


    Moscow Lights

    This is the tour about the illuminated Moscow. In the evening Moscow immerses into the sea of ​​light and lights. The shop-windowsare full of lights, the restaurants and nightclubs invite to drop in, the objects that are not the most remarkable in the day light, change in the rays of light. Life in the city continues; Moscow becomes glamorous and mysterious. During the tour you will see the St. Basil's Cathedral, admire the views of the Kremlin, the panoramic picture of Moscow from the Vorobyovy Gory, visit the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, the Poklonnaya Gora, the New Arbat Street and the Teatralnaya Square.