Sign in

If you already have account just sign in and get more options to work with the resource.

E-mail
Password
Log on as: 

Sign out

User session:
Close windowFlash player is not installed.
    Mobile versionMy guidebook

    Save and print any interesting information from Moscow Travel Portal as an Guidebook!

     

    News

    Will appear in Moscow street Kuindzhi and Bilibin20 December 2016Will appear in Moscow street Kuindzhi and Bilibin

    This will happen in 2017

    There are support floating bridge in the Park "Zaryadye"20 December 2016There are support floating bridge in the Park "Zaryadye"

    The bridge will connect the Park and the promenade will be a unique viewing platform.

    In honor of the composer Balakirev19 December 2016In honor of the composer Balakirev

    Call one of the capital's squares

    All news

    Print Version
    I like it


    Address:10, Varvarka Str.
    Location:Show on map
    Work hours:Mon, Thu, Fri, Sat, Sun 10.00am-6.00pm, admission until 5.00pm, Wen 11.00am-7.00pm, admission until 6.00om, day off - Mon, first Monday of the month
    Website:www.shm.ru
    Telephone:+7 (495) 698-12-56
    Excursions and museum lectures are held using the games and creative tasks. Drama performances based on museum exposition subjects combine original monuments display and traditional theater performances with historical characters where guests can take part directly. Public lectures on national history and round tables on the subject: “Modern View of Scholars and Historians on Remarkable Events of the Russian History” are conducted in the Lecture hall. M: Kitai-Gorod.

    Список добавленных маршрутов

    In detail
    Excursions and museum lectures are held using the games and creative tasks. Drama performances based on museum exposition subjects combine original monuments display and traditional theater performances with historical characters where guests can take part directly. Public lectures on national history and round tables on the subject: “Modern View of Scholars and Historians on Remarkable Events of the Russian History” are conducted in the Lecture hall. You can visit archaeological, historical, historical artistic, numismatic and regional natural history hobby groups as well as students and family clubs headed by research scholars of GIM (State Historical Museum) free of charge in Schoolchildren Room. The Schoolchildren` Scientific Society holds annual conferences and publishes collections “National History in Scientific Works of Children”.
    Prices
    250 rubles
    Mediagalleries

    Палаты Романовых . Историко-архитектурный памятник XV-XVII вв. Дом бояр Романовых

     
     
    Routes
    Kitay-gorod

    You can start your walking tour of Kitay-gorod while exiting the cognominal Metro Station. As you enter the pedestrian underpass getting off the escalator of the Metro Station, you’ ll find yourselves by the staircase leading up to Varvarka (St. Barbara). In the wall of the underpass you can see parts of the ancient rustication of the basement of the St. Barbara Tower.

    The walls of Kitay-gorod date back to the 1530s, and are claimed to have been erected by an Italian architect called in a Russified manner Petrok Maly. The origin of the name “ Kitay-gorod” is still disputed by academicians and historians. While “ gorod” means in Russian “ a city” or a “ a town”, the word “ kita” is either claimed to be of the old-Russian descent meaning a bulk of wooden stakes used for the construction of the first fortress wall, or of Turkic origin standing for the “ wall”, or even originating from the Italian “ citadelle” with the meaning of “ fortification”.
     
    The length of the Kitay-gorod wall with its 14 towers exceeded 2.5 kilometers. It started at the Corner Arsenalnaya (Arsenal) Tower and ended at the Beklemishevskaya (Beklemishev) Tower of the Moscow Kremlin. The wall was almost entirely leveled to the ground in the 1930 – 1950s. Go up to Varvarka Street and take a stroll along the streets and lanes of the former medieval fortress.
     
    As you exit the underpass, you can see a part of the Kitay-gorod wall (reconstructed in the 1960s). The other surviving section of the wall is to be found in Revolution Square behind the Metropol Hotel.
    Formerly, a vast district called Zaryadye was located between Varvarka and the Moskva River. It was finally demolished in the 1960s. The lanes of the district gave place to the construction of the Rossiya Hotel included in the Guinness Book of Records in the 1970s as the largest in the world. It occupied the area of 233,259 square meters with the overall length of corridors of 8 kilometers! Now, there is a fenced wasteland in the place of the dismantled hotel awaiting smart development.

    Over the centuries of turbulent changes, Zaryadye has miraculously preserved such medieval structures as the Church of St. George of Pskov Hill (12, Varvarka Street), the Cathedral of the Former Monastery of the Sign (8, Varvarka Street), the Romanov Boyar Residence (at present accommodates a museum) (10, Varvarka Street).
     
    At the corner of Ipatyevsky and Nikitinsky Side-Streets just off Varvarka, you can see the exquisite XVII century Сhurch of the Life-Giving Trinity in Nikitniki.
    Now, you can return to Varvarka Street and proceed further. To your left is one of the oldest buildings in Moscow – the Old English Court (4a, Varvarka Street). It was built in the end of the XV century by the merchant Ivan Bobischev. In the times of the tzar Ivan the Terrible it was occupied by the “ English Ambassadorial Court” – the first representative office of a Western power in Russia. One hundred years later the building was passed over to the Ambassadorial Prikaz (the former foreign ministry). At present, a museum is to be found inside.

    To the right stands Gostiny Dvor (Merchant Court) (3, Varvarka Street). Its first mentioning dates back to the beginning of the XVI century. In 1590 three stone buildings were erected here to be replaced later by a new edifice designed by D. Quarenghi. After the fire of 1812 Gostiny Dvor was restored and expanded to the design of O. Bove. The present-day building is occupied by an exhibition hall, shops, restaurants and cafes including those reasonably priced. The “ Merchant Court” is known as the venue of the Viennese Opera Ball Moscow, High Fashion Week and Moscow Tourist Fair.

    The Kremlin towers dominate the view ahead. To your left stands the Church of St. Barbara the Great Martyr which had given the name to the street.

    Turn to the right into Khrustalny (Christal) Side-Street. Its name speaks for itself, so it’ s easy to guess that glassware was the main item on sale here. The street was named after the ancient St. Elijah Monastery. Later, when the monastery was eliminated, the Church of St. Elijah the Prophet was constructed in its place. This is the church you can see ahead of you.
     
    The partially preserved structures by the church are the former Warm Trade Rows (they were heated in winter). It was here that the first seasonal sale took place in Moscow in the XIX century. However, the event was not called with the habitual word “ sale”, it was referred to as “ sleaze”.

    Turn to the right into Ilyinka Street and walk past the Merchant Court until you reach Stock Exchange Square. To your right is the building of the Stock Exchange which at present is the main office of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Russian Federation. A spontaneous Moscow merchant’ s “ exchange” has been here ever since times immemorial. In 1839 the building of the officially registered stock exchange was unveiled here. The present-day building was constructed in the 1870s by the Russian architect Alexander Kaminsky (overbuilt later).

    Across the square you can see Bogoyavlensky (Epiphany) Side-Street with the gorgeous Cathedral of the Epiphany Monastery, one of the oldest in Moscow. The abode was founded as early as in the XIII century. The surviving cathedral representing the “ Moscow baroque” style was built in the 1690s.

    Your way lies further down Ilyinka Street. Like a hundred years ago, it is still one of the capital’ s main business thoroughfares with ministries, banks and company offices located in it. Most buildings on site, including so-called “ profit-making homes” (multi-apartment houses) with lavish stucco-molding date back to the pre-revolutionary period. As you reach Bolshoy Cherkassky Side-Street, turn left and pass along the gigantic early XIX century structures towards Nikolskaya Street. 
     
    Nikolskaya is probably the busiest street in Kitay-gorod. At all times it has been one of the principal streets in the city. It is still abundant of various shops, trade centers, restaurants, cafes, clubs, including those for the young.
    On the opposite side of Nikolskaya Street facing Bolshoy Cherkassky Side-Street stands quite a mediocre three-storey building (23, Nikolskaya Street). This is the notorious “ Fusillading House”. In spite of legendry, there was no firing squad inside this building. However, from the beginning of the 1930s until the end of the 1940s, it was the seat of the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR which passed numerous severe sentences, including the “ firing” ones.
    Before the revolution, there was a second-hand book market next to this building. Nikolskaya has always been known as bibliophiles’ paradise. Out of 31 book stores in the early XIX-century Moscow, 26 were located in Nikolskaya. That is why there was no wonder why it had a popular nickname of the “ Street of Enlightenment”.

    The neighboring building with tall windows and a four-column portico at the first floor is the most famous Moscow Ferraine Pharmacy. Once it was Europe’ s largest.
     
    Keep walking by Nikolskaya Street towards the Kremlin. To the right, through the arch, you can see Tretyakovsky Passage – the street with fashion boutiques of well-known global brands. The driveway was arranged in the 1870s by Tretyakov brothers, the owners of the famous art gallery.

    The famous Slavyansky Bazar Restaurant used to occupy the lower part of house 17 ever since 1872. It was here that K. Stanislavsky and V. Nemirovich-Danchenko had their historic meeting as a result of which the famous Moscow Art Theatre was founded. In the early 1990s the restaurant burned down. The musical centre of B. Pokrovsky is located nearby.
     
    The gothic-style structure with the sun-dial and bas-reliefs depicting a lion and a unicorn is the former Synod Printing House. The edifice was erected in the 1810s in the place of the Sovereign Printing House. The first book in Russian was printed there in 1564. The book’ s title was “ Apostle”. Since 1703 the first Russian newspaper “ Vedomosti” (Journal) had been printed here. In the inner courtyard of the building one can still see the remaining structure of the Pravilnaya Palata (the Correction Mansion) which was the office of old-time proof-readers.
     
    To be able to see it as well as the upper part of the Kitay-gorod wall, you should drop in one of the chain beer restaurants located in the building’ s cellar. The restaurant’ s summer patio is right on top of the fortress wall. The former Printing House accommodates the Russian State University for the Humanities.

    Peeping in courtyards scattered along Nikoskaya Street may be of interest, provided they are not closed for passage. You may be lucky to come across cafes and old structures inconspicuous from the main road. This might give you a different view angle of Moscow. From the corner of Bogoyavlensky Side-Street you can clearly see the Nikolskaya Tower of the Moscow Kremlin that gave its name to the street.

    Property estate 11–13 on the right-hand side of Nikolskaya Street was the venue of the Greek Monastery of St. Nicolas. Its cathedral was demolished in 1935 leaving space for a through passage to Revolution Square. The preserved monastery bell-tower is under reconstruction. The neighboring property estate 7–9 is another monastery called Zaikonospassky. Its second name was Savior Monastery “ behind icon rows” – in times of old trade rows selling icons were located in Nikolskaya Street. Passing through the arch of house 9 you will be able to see elegant Savior Cathedral. From 1687 till 1814, this monastery was home to the Slavic Greek Latin Academy, Russia’ s first all-estate secondary education establishment one of whose graduates was M. Lomonosov.
     
    The basement of house 13 in Vetoshny Side-Street located nearby was known for its ill-famed tavern “ Bubnovskaya Dyra” (Bubnov’ s hole). This barrelhouse quite often referred to as a hellhole was a favorite place of the Merchant Court traders. Drinks pored here like a river; the most daring visitors would only stop when their top hats would be filled with champagne bottle corks up to the rim. Take a few steps forward. From the fencing of Kazan Cathedral you will see a fragment of the restored faзade of the Coin Court – one of the most ancient industrial buildings in Moscow. In times of old “ clinkers” were minted here.
     
    In front of you is Red Square. This is where we may end our today’ s tour. To return to the point our tour started from, you need to pass through the arch of house 11–13 and walk along the through passage to Ploschad Revolutzii Metro Station.


    Monuments of the War of 1612: Kitay-gorod