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Will appear in Moscow street Kuindzhi and Bilibin20 December 2016Will appear in Moscow street Kuindzhi and Bilibin

This will happen in 2017

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The bridge will connect the Park and the promenade will be a unique viewing platform.

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Call one of the capital's squares

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Address:2, Teatralny proezd
Location:Show on map
Website:www.metropol-moscow.ru
Telephone:+7 (499) 501-78-00
The "Metropol" hotel, amazing for its architecture and luxurious interior, is located opposite the world famous Bolshoi Theatre.

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In detail

The "Metropol" hotel, amazing for its architecture and luxurious interior, is located opposite the world famous Bolshoi Theatre. The hotel is known for its comfort, which can be felt by everyone without exception, visitors, and for the high-class service. Luxury is everywhere: unique statues, paintings, fountains, magnificent staircase, lots of mirrors, marble and flowers. The hotel has everything for a comfortable stay and meets the needs of its guests. "Metropol" offers its guests only the very best. Here you can find restaurants, meeting rooms, a business center, a fitness center, a gym, a beauty salon, a sauna, a swimming pool, a parking for cars, a gift shop and a night club. The guests are offered a round the clock service, the ability to book the tables in the restaurants all over the capital, order the plane tickets, as well as book tickets for any theater or exhibition. Deposit boxes and a well-functioning security system offer a full-time guarding of guests and their property. Anyone who has ever been here will take a piece of this wonderful hotel created by a lot of people.




Routes
Architecture of Moscow XV - XX centuries

Architectural excursion: wooden architecture, baroque, classicism. In total for 3-4 hours you will open for yourselves new Moscow. You will acquaint with architectural creativity of Matveja Kazakova which have inhaled in classicism life, having created the, original direction in it. Creativity of the great architect, deeply national on the orientation is for ever entered in stone "annals" of capital. Boundary XVII-XVIII – time of architecture of the Moscow baroque in Moscow. You will get acquainted with this style which had strongly pronounced national character, having kept continuity of decorative receptions of the Moscow architects (Trinity Church in Nikitnikah, Menshikov a tower in the Kremlin etc.). Also you will see buildings in modernist style, constructed by architect F.Shehtelem (the Yaroslavl station), V.Valkotom (hotel "Метрополь"), R.Klein (building ЦУМа) etc.

From Kuznetsky Most to Teatralnaya Square

As you leave the Kuznetsky Most Metro Station, you find yourselves in a courtyard of an old house. You need to walk through the arch and turn left into Pushechnaya (Canon) street. 

It was here that the Canon Courtyard – the center of canon casting – was located over 500 years ago. Andrey Chokhov cast his famous Tzar Canon here as well. However, the canon never fired. As Moscow grew, the Canon Courtyard turned out to be in the very center of the city. In order to spare Moscow from risks of fire imposed by casting production, the workshops were moved to the outskirts – the present-day location of Leningradsky Railway Station. In the course of time dwellings started to appear in the place of the Canon Courtyard. In 1912 the “ Savoy” hotel was built at the corner of the quarter. It’ s only the street’ s name Pushechnaya (Canon) that remains a reminder of the Canon Courtyard history.

The massive building covered with scaffolding is “ Detsky Mir” (Children’ s World), the most famous Russian department store for children. Inside, one can enjoy a stunning view of a huge clock and a scale model of a railway. Young shoppers are used to take a ride on a merry-go-round and, of course, pick from an abundant choice of toys. The department store was constructed in the 1950s to occupy a whole block. Now it is closed for reconstruction.
 
The arch of the building you have walked through (6/20, Pushechnaya Street) belonged to a famous merchant Alexander Torletsky, the main contractor for the construction of the first railway in Russia. The owner of the house did not live here preferring to lease it. The house was the venue of the German Club and a theater stage. The prominent K. Stanislavsky used to work here. Among many Muscovites this building is famous as the Central House of Workers of Art.

Turn to the right and walk to the crossing of the lane and Rozhdestvenka (Nativity) Street. The street’ s name arises from the Convent of Nativity of Theotokos, where it has been for the past 600 years. 

As you walk towards Kuznetsky Most Street, Torletsky’ s house will be alongside. It is a very spacious building and used to accommodate vendors, apartments, publishing houses, stores and tailor-shops. A. Pushkin, D. Pissarev, L. Tolstoy, M. Bulgakov visited here.
As you reach the crossing, turn to your left to Kuznetsky Most (Blacksmiths’ Bridge) Street. 

It was here that the first gas lanterns were installed on the money of numerous foreign merchants that owned shops along the street. Almost every sign here was in a foreign language. This was the main shopping street – “ the focus of luxury and fashion”. Variety of nobby shops (mostly French) with most exquisite goods could be found here. The street has remained a shopping area until now.
If you walk a little further down, you will come across the “ House of Foreign Book” store, one of the oldest in Moscow (18/7, Kuznetsky Most Street). 

A little lower on the right hand side of the Street the former “ St. Gally Passage” (№ 11) is occupied by the Moscow House of Artists. It is the venue of various art exhibitions, where visitors can buy original works, unique gifts and souvenirs or take a break at a cafe.

Since the 1940s the building of a fur-trading company owned by A. Mikhailov (14, Kuznetsky Most Street) was occupied by a famous All-Union House of Fashion – a Soviet version of “ Christian Dior”, as foreign journalists put it. Fashion shows were held here as well as new collections were designed for all clothing factories throughout the USSR. Leonid Brezhnev, Raissa Gorbacheva and other Soviet VIP’ s and celebrities including famous actors and film directors used to order their attire here. The House of Fashion is believed to be the place where ladies’ boots with a zip fastener were first invented to be then presented to the world of fashion at a Paris show. Nowadays, a clothes’ store is located here.
 
The building at the crossing accommodated a hotel and the “ Yar” restaurant (9/10, Kuznetsky Most Street) – one of the first French restaurants in Moscow. Now the restaurant is replaced with a bank’ s office and shops.

The street we have approached is called Neglinnaya in the memory of the Neglinka River tubed two hundred years ago. The river still carries its waters into the Moskva River underneath the pavement of the street above it.

Kuznetsky Most (Blacksmiths’ Bridge) street owes its name to the Neglinka River as well. There was a blacksmiths’ settlement on the banks of the river in ancient times. The bridge spanning the river was also called the Blacksmiths’. At first it was a wooden structure replaced by a stone one in the XVIII century. Being a little taller than 6 meters and 12 meters wide, it had impressive 120 meters of length. Incidentally, the bridge has remained until now. Like the river, it is backfilled right under our feet. The bridge was never destroyed – its railings were removed and it was covered with layers of soil and sand laying the base for the street. The bridge was discovered in 1986 by an accident during the construction of culvert.
 
To the right from the crossing you can clearly see the building of the famous Petrovsky Passage (13, Neglinnaya Street), erected at the turn of the XX century. One of the building’ s entrances is facing Petrovka Street, hence the name. The first “ passages” – porticoes between two streets with glass roofs as a rule and shops alongside the passway – appeared in Moscow almost two hundred years ago. They were built to compensate the lack of faзade space for shops and vendors.
Your next turn is to the right past the imposing edifice of the Bank of Russia (12, Neglinnaya Street).

After Sandunovsky Lane you will see a gorgeous house (14, Neglinnaya Street). Cross the street to enjoy a better view of it. Its dome is mounted by mermen, bathing boys decorate the roof, a young man and a girl ride seahorses leaping out of the spindrift. A “ Notes” music store was located here during the Soviet time. People from all over Moscow used to come here looking for sheet music and partition lists. At present the building accommodates a restaurant, an art gallery and elite dwellings.

The edifice was erected over a century ago for Vera Firsanova, the last private owner of the Sanduny — the most popular bath-house in Moscow. The bath-house was founded in the XIX century by an actor S. Sandunov and has retained its original purpose ever since. Firsanova carried out a tremendous renovation of the bath-house turning it into “ something Moscow has never seen”.

Walking through Petrovskiye Linii (Peter’ s Lines) Street with a House of Culture “ At Peter’ s Lines” staging children’ s plays with young actors playing on stage you reach Petrovka Street.
 
This street formed in ancient times as a road to Vysoko-Petrovsky Monastery (High Monastery of St. Peter). The ancient stone cathedral preserved until present time of the monastery was built by a prominent architect Alevisio Novy. It is one of the oldest structures in Moscow. However, your way is not to the monastery but to the left towards Teatralnaya (Theater) Square.
 
To your right is a pedestrian street Stoleshnikov Pereulok (Side-Street). At present it accommodates elite boutiques of world-renown brands.

“ Stoleshniki” was the name of table cloths produced by local weavers. V. Gilyarovsky – a famous explorer of Moscow life and traditions – resided here.
 
Make a short stop in a small square with a chapel marking the place of a former church of the Nativity of Our Lady (1620 – 1928). Next stands a lavish building of the “ Marriot Aurora” hotel. Opposite is the GULAG Museum.
 
Our itinerary turns out to be quite an extensive one, however, there is a number of cafes and restaurants on the way. Making a comfortable break would not be a problem.
 
Petrovsky Passage with one of its facades overlooking Neglinnaya Street is in front of you once again (10, Petrovka Street). A “ Worker” bas-relief by a Soviet sculptor M. Manizer was installed by the entrance to the mall in 1921. In the 1930s this building was the premises of an airship design bureau.

Ahead of you is the crossing with Kuznetsky Most. In the 1920s an arm signal was installed here to be replaced by a traffic light in 1930, being the first of a kind in Moscow. It was operated by a militiaman on point duty.
 
Proceed a little further along Petrovka to enter one of the most beautiful squares in Moscow – Teatralnaya (Theater) Square. The gothic-style building at the corner of the square and the street is a former Muir & Mirrielees shop built more than a hundred years ago. Being a part of the contemporary TSUM (Central Department Store) it was the first department store to be opened in Moscow. The choice of goods there was extremely vast. The visitors could use an electric elevator to get to upper floors. Being a present-day standard convenience, the elevator was a technical novelty for the time arousing great amazement or even fear sometimes.

By all means the Bolshoi Theatre  is the prime attire of Teatralnaya Square. It was built by Joseph Bove with stately eight-column portico and a bronze quadriga to become one of Moscow’ s architectural symbols.
 
The best-known Moscow theatre originates in 1780. That year an Englishman Michael Maddox arrived in Moscow to open a theatre in the beginning of Petrovka Street. Incidentally, the Englishman was a gifted mechanic – his clock “ The Temple of Glory” is displayed in the State Armory in the Kremlin. The theatre was burned down several times but each time was restored becoming more beautiful. The present-day building was constructed in 1856 by Alberto Cavos.

Teatralnaya Square accommodates two more theatres – the Maly and the Russian Academic Youth theatre.
 
Every year on May 9 the square by the fountain in front of the Bolshoi Theatre turns into the meeting point of veterans of the WW2.
 
Opposite the square you can see the building of the Metropol hotel. Its facade is decorated with stunningly beautiful mosaics and bas-reliefs: “ Princess of Dreams” by M. Vrubel, “ Worship of Nature”, “ Bathe of Mermaids” exercised to drawings of A. Golovin and “ Seasons” bas-reliefs of sculptor N. Andreyev.

Walk by the underpass to the opposite side of the square and stroll into the square behind the 170-tonn monument to Karl Marx. The oldest Moscow fountain is to be found here. It is crowned with a “ Four Muses” sculpture. If you look attentively, you would notice an inscription in the fountain’ s corners reading: “ Sculptured and produced in metal by Ivan Vitali. Moscow. Year 1835”. In the old times with no pluming in their homes Muscovites used the fountain for their daily needs.

A good view of a round red-brick tower (opens from the fountain. The tower was built in the 1930s to replace the demolished Round Tower of the KItai-gorod wall, the second fortress wall after the Kremlin. Parts of the ancient walls have been preserved behind the Metropol hotel.
 
This could be the terminal point of our walk. The nearest metro station – Ploschad Revolutsii – is right next to the tower.



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